In Nigerian universities, the grading system, is the process of summating student achievement using a percentage grading or letter grading It is a complex evaluative practice that requires educators to make judgments about student learning progress which in turn can significantly have effect on student self-perception, motivation for learning, prioritization of certain curriculum expectations, parental expectations, and social relationships.
Before 2018 December, Nigerian universities do not have a uniform grading system. For example, university of Ibadan make use of 7 points grading system which makes it difficult for student who want to transfer from UI to another school using 6, 5 or 4 points grading system.
Moving forward, The National Universities Commission (NUC) directed all universities in Nigeria to implement the five-point grading system against four-point. This simply means The National Universities Commission, NUC has stopped all universities in Nigerian from using a scale of seven, six or four points grading system.
Current Nigerian Universities Grading System
The five-point grading scale for degrees’ classification is as follows:
- First Class: 4.50 – 5.00
- Second Class Honours (Upper Division): 3.5 – 4.49
- Second Class Honours (Lower Division): 2.40 – 3.49
- Third Class Honours: 1.50 – 2.39
- Pass degree: 1.00 – 1.49
|A||70 – 100||5.00|
|B||60 – 69||4.00|
|C||50 – 59||3.00|
|D||45 – 49||2.00|
|E||40 – 44||1.00|
Previous grading system which is no longer accepted
The four-point grading scale for degrees’ classification is as follows:
- First Class Honours: 3.5 – 4.00
- Second Class Honours (Upper Division): 3.0 – 3.49
- Second Class Honours (Lower Division): 2.0 – 2.99
- Third Class Honours: 1.0 – 1.99
- Students with less than 1.0 CGPA will not be awarded a degree