Exam Focus: Civil service, Public corporation, reasons, functions
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Exam focus – Keypoint on Public administration (civil service, Public corporation, reasons, functions, sources and problems)
The civil service: The civil service is a body or a department in the executive arm of government responsible for the execution of the policies and programmes of the government.
Characteristics or principle of the civil service
The structure of the civil service
The Administrative Class: Members of this class of civil service include: the Directors General or the Permanent Secretary or Principal secretaries, Deputy and Assistance Director General, etc.
The Executive Class: This class includes the Higher Executive, Senior Executive Officers, Executive Officers, etc.
The Professional or Technical or Specialist Class: This class of officers are recruited on the basis of their expert and professional knowledge and skill and are meant to handle technical or specialized work. They include Engineers, Accountants, and Surveyors etc.
The Clerical Class: This class of workers include: typists, office clerks, clerical assistance, etc.
Messengerial Or Auxiliary Class: Worker in this class include: messengers, drivers, mechanic, daily – rated workers, etc.
Functions of civil service and civil servants
Advice to the government
Contribute in the lawmaking process
Provision of social amenities
Provision of employment opportunities
Enlightenment and education of the people
Record and document keeping
Problems or difficulties of the civil service
Bribery and corruption
Lack of qualified personnel
Poor condition of service
Waste of manpower and resources
The unfriendliness of the civil servant
Over-devotion of precedent
Inadequate training facilities
Red- tape or Bureaucracy
Negative attitude to work
Control of the civil (public) service
The general order
Control by minister
Public service commission control
Public Complaint Commission (Ombudsman) control
Public corporation: Public corporation is a business organization established, owned, managed and financed with tax payer’s money by the government of a country with the main motive of not making a profit but to render essential service to members of the public.
Features or attributes or characteristics of a public corporation
Ownership and finance
Renders essential services
Is a legal entity
Enjoyment of monopoly
Ownership and management
Restriction of services
Renders essential service
Reasons for government ownership of a public corporation
Prevention of exploitation
To avoid duplication
For security reasons
To ensure a constant supply
The nature of their services
To avoid private monopoly
For rapid economic development
As an avenue for employment opportunities
To avoid foreign control of the economy
To raise the standard living of the people.
Problems encountered by a public corporation
Frequent government or political interference.
Favouritism in the appointment of officers.
High embezzlement propensity of the officials.
Lack of adequate personnel.
Political victimization of officials.
Irregular change of officials.
Lacklustre attitude of the workers.
Control of public corporation
Difference between a public corporation and the civil service or government department or ministry
A PUBLIC CORPORATION
THE CIVIL SERVICE
Managed by members of the board of directors.
Managed by a minister advised by the directors general.
A chairman acts as the political head.
A minister is a political head.
Employees are called public servant.
Employees are called civil servant.
Workers are appointed or employed by the board of directors.
Workers are employees by the public service commission.
The administrative head is the general manager.
The administrative head is the director general.
Ministerial responsibility is limited.
Ministerial responsibility is unlimited.
Can contract for loans.
Cannot contract for loans.
Is expected to make profits.
Is a non- profit making organization.
Provides social amenities.
Perform administrative functions.
Does not pat its revenue into the consolidated fund.