Format For Lesson Plan
The purpose of this article is to show you how to write a lesson plan, the format and you can download the lesson plan template editable at the end of this article.
I was once a subject teacher, so am very much aware that many teachers do not like writing lesson plans. Though as a teacher, I take pride in teaching but writing a lesson plan is not my thing. Yet, in a school setting, we do not have a choice.
Many schools in Nigeria require teachers to submit their lesson plan on school resumption for review and assessment before it can be used in the classroom. A lesson plan is fundamental to teaching and very crucial to teachers’ quality assessment.
What is a lesson plan?
A lesson plan, usually prepared in advance is a teacher’s daily guide for what students need to learn, how it will be taught, and how learning will be measured. Lesson plans help teachers be more effective in the classroom by providing a detailed outline to follow each class period. A lesson plan is an activity that the teacher performs before the actual lesson takes place. A lesson plan is a detailed description of the instructional strategies and learning activities to be performed during the teaching/learning process.
What Are The Seven Components Of A Lesson Plan?
Lesson objective, usually written as a single sentence is a key component in a lesson plan. A lesson objective is a very general statement of what the overall goal is in a lesson – the intention behind the teaching. A learning objective should describe what students should know or be able to do at the end of the class that they couldn’t do before.
Reference on the Lesson plan means the sources of information that had enabled you to build the lesson plan. They can include textbooks, dictionaries, grammar books, newspapers, blogs, research papers etc. If your lesson plan can be accessed by your student, your reference can help them read further after class.
These are also known as teaching aids. These are tools or resources used by a teacher to enhance or enliven classroom instruction. They hold the power to either engage or demotivate students. Instructional materials are objects (such as a book, picture, or map) or devices (such as a DVD or computer). They could be audiovisual teaching aids such as videos and guest lectures or tactile like 3D models.
This is the content area of your lesson plan. It consists of subject topic introduction, main body and the conclusion of what is expected to be learned which forms the basis of teaching and learning.
In a lesson plan, the nature of the subject topic always determines the presentation. It could be primarily theoretical, practical, or a combination. The purpose of a presentation is to ensure that the lesson objective is carried out without deviation. The presentation should clearly state the step by step teaching process.
Now that you have explained the topic, you need to check for student understanding. In a lesson plan, evaluation determines whether the objectives of the lesson have been met is termed summative evaluation. A summative evaluation may take oral or written form.
In a lesson plan, assignment is another form of evaluation that is done to make them practice at home and at the same time make them remain on track until the next lesson.
The importance of lesson plan
- A well-prepared lesson plan gives the teacher a sense of direction when he enters the classroom.
- A lesson plan helps the teacher to know when and where to start and where to stop.
- It allows the teacher to know which materials would be needed so that they are collected before the class.
- In case of illness, the lesson plan of a teacher could be used by another teacher to teach the class.
- It serves as a record for the teacher in future.
- It also guides the teacher as to what instrument to use for evaluation.
Lesson Plan Format
Do you need a lesson plan template editable doc? Download here