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What Are The Dimensions of Wellness?

There are eight dimensions of wellness which is necessary in order to build everyday habits and improve quality of life. When the eight dimensions of wellness are fully maximized, it can help individuals live longer, manage current health conditions, and support recovery from illness, injury, and addiction.

Well-being is experienced differently by different people. We embrace Diener’s (2009) definition that wellbeing consists of three elements that involve the cognitive evaluation of overall satisfaction with life; positive affect; and lower levels of negative affect.

Holistically, Wellbeing can be viewed in terms of a balanced life experience where, wellbeing needs to be considered in relation to how an individual feels and functions across several areas, including cognitive, emotional, social, physical and spiritual wellbeing.

6 Core principles of wellness

  • Wellness is dynamic and changing and evident on many levels.
  • A range of factors works in combination to form wellness.
  • Wellness emerges from the integrative and dynamic whole rather than from the sum of its parts.
  • Environmental contexts impact wellness.
  • Life-span developmental changes affect wellness.
  • Awareness, education and growth are central to the paradigm of wellness

8 Dimensions of Wellness

  • Intellectual wellness is defined as recognizing one’s creative abilities and finding ways to expand knowledge and skills.
  • Environmental wellness is defined as occupying pleasant, stimulating environments that support well-being.
  • Spiritual wellness is defined as expanding a sense of purpose and meaning in life, including one’s morals and ethics. It may or may not involve religious activities.
  • Physical wellness consists of recognizing the need for physical activity, healthy foods, and sleep, as well as preventing illness and injury or managing chronic health conditions.
  • Emotional wellness is defined as coping effectively with life and creating satisfying relationships
  • Social wellness is defined as developing a sense of connection, belonging, and a well-developed support system.
  • Occupational wellness is defined as gaining personal satisfaction and enrichment from one’s work, whether that be academic work while in college or a job after graduation.
  • Financial wellness is defined as satisfaction with current and future financial situations.

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