WAEC, JAMB Subject Combinations for Medicine and Surgery

Last updated on July 25th, 2018 at 03:05 pm

WAEC, JAMB Subject Combinations for Medicine and Surgery
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O Level & A Level Requirement – Subject Combination for Medicine and Surgery; including the List of Nigeria Universities Offering the Course, WAEC, NECO, GCE, JAMB UTME, Direct Entry, IJBM, JUPEB, CAMBRIDGE, NABTEB, Course Description and Career Opportunities



  • JAMB officially classified this course under Faculty/School/College of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Science.
  • Probable Degree type – [M.B.B.S., MB.B.Ch.B., B.D.S., B.Ch.D., Pharm.B, B.SC]

The admission requirement to study Medicine and Surgery in Nigeria Universities includes one or a combination of ‘O’ level results or A-level result if you’re going through Direct Entry. This page will literally answer questions such as WAEC subject combination, JAMB UTME subject combination, Direct Entry requirements, Special consideration (waivers), where you can work with the degree and the required documents for admission into Nigeria universities. If you’re still having difficulties with getting admission in Nigeria Universities, we have some post that may be of benefit to you.


What is O level/WAEC subject combination (requirement) for Medicine and Surgery?
The subjects needed to study Medicine and Surgery in WAEC must contain five (5) credit. This subject combination is also applicable to NECO AND GCE… The O level requirement that is the compulsory WAEC subject combination for Medicine and Surgery must include:

  1. English Language
  2. Physics
  3. Mathematics
  4. Chemistry
  5. Biology
  6. A trade subject

So you want to study Medicine and Surgery? Are you really sure? It is not enough to base your decision on the subject combination. Can you stand beside a dead body or even have the boldness to pierce the body of a living being? This is one of the most competitive and hardest courses in the university. Carryover in any course within Medicine and Surgery is an offence. One can be forgiven, two is a warning, three carryover course and you’re out (varies on university policy). If you desire to study Medicine and Surgery, have the mindset that you must go through a post graduate programme without which you may find it difficult to get a job. The General Philosophy of Medicine and surgery is

  • To provide students with a broad and balanced foundation of sound scientific, professional platform for the production of medical doctors who would be capable of working anywhere in Nigeria and be acceptable by the international community;
  • To provide such training as would equip these future health personnels to render care at Primary Health Care (PHC) level;
  • To develop in students the ability to apply knowledge and skills to solving theoretical and practical issues and satisfy internationally recognized standards, and undertake postgraduate training towards specialization within and outside the country; and
  • To train medical doctors with sufficient management ability to play a leadership role in health care delivery and develop a range of transferable skills that are of value in Medical practice.

The curriculum of Medicine and Surgery aims at educating and training of competent medical doctors and other health personnel for the promotion of good health and eradication of diseases. It is also designed to promote the integration of modern scientific ideas in medicine and to develop research capability. In addition, the programme emphasizes the inter-relationships of various clinical disciplines and their synthesis into a unified code for the solution of problems.

Medicine and Surgery course curriculum normally spans six academic years and is divided into three stages. They are

  • The pre-medical stage which is essentially natural and pure science-based
  • The pre-clinical stage in which the basic medical science courses are taught
  • The clinical stage in which the courses focus on the nature of diseases with the systematic instructions in medicine


What is JAMB UTME subject combination (subject needed) for Medicine and Surgery?
You should aim for a score of 180 – 200 and above in JAMB UTME to be on a safe side (Just an advice) because anything short of that may deny you of Admission/Post UTME. Of course, if you have a score below 180, you can consider College of Education or Polytechnic… Please note – JAMB is not the only option for admission. If you’re having troubles JAMB UTME maybe it’s time you pass through IJBM, JUBEB, ND or Predegree. JAMB UTME subject combination (subject to write in jamb) for Medicine and Surgery are

  1. Chemistry
  2. Biology
  3. Physics


What is Direct Entry requirement (that is the required A-level result you need) to study Medicine and Surgery?
(i) ‘A’ level passes in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology or Zoology in addition to UTME requirements.
(ii) BSC, BOS, etc in relevant fields.


Just a reminder: Everything you have read so far is a general requirement, it is expedient that you also check the special consideration for this course below. If for some reasons you are not satisfied or cannot meet up with the subject combination above, perhaps you should consider taking a look at Polytechnic or College of Education related course subject requirements. You can also study online with a foreign university right from your bedroom or apply for a scholarship to study abroad. Education is now a choice.

So now that you know the compulsory WAEC, JAMB subject combination for Medicine and Surgery, (which is also applicable to NECO and GCE) as well as A-level result/certificate. Do you know which Universities in Nigeria offer Medicine and Surgery?
Before you make a decision on which University to choose, please consider

  • The Fees
  • The Distance
  • The Environment
  • The Degree Certificate
  • Vulnerability to Strike
  • Acceptable O Level and A-level Result
  • Academic Calendar

See useful guides on how to choose a course and university

List of Nigeria Universities offering Medicine and Surgery include:

  1. Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma
  2. Abia State University, Uturu
  3. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  4. Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti – Ekiti State
  5. University of Abuja, Gwagwalada
  6. Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli
  7. Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo
  8. Bayero University, Kano Click to read conditions
  9. University of Benin (UNIBEN)
  10. ECWA Bingham University, New Karu
  11. Bowen University, Iwo
  12. Benue State University, Makurdi
  13. University of Calabar (UNICAL)
  14. Delta State University, Abraka (DELSU) Click to read conditions
  15. Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki Click to read conditions
  16. Ekiti State University
  17. Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu (ESUT)
  18. Gregory University, Uturu
  19. Gombe State University, Gombe
  20. University of Ibadan (UI), Igbinedion University Okada
  21. University of Ilorin (UNILORIN)
  22. Imo State University, Owerri (IMSU)
  23. University of Jos (UNIJOS)
  24. Kogi State University Anyigba
  25. University of Lagos (UNILAG)
  26. Lagos State University, Ojo (LASU)
  27. Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso (LAUTECH)
  28. Madonna University, Okija
  29. University of Maiduguri (UNIMAID)
  30. Niger Delta University Yenagoa (NDU)
  31. Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja
  32. Obafemi Awolowo University,Ile-Ife (OAU)
  33. Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye
  34. Ondo State University of Medical Sciences (OSUMS)
  35. University of Port-Harcourt (UNIPORT)
  36. Usumanu Danfodiyo University (UDUSOK)
  37. Osun State University Osogbo (UNIOSUN)
  38. Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka (UNIZIK)
  39. University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN)
  40. University of Uyo.


Course outline: Courses under Medicine and Surgery – May vary as per universities but you will usually meet 99% of this courses listed below

  • General Biology
  • General Chemistry
  • Basic Practical Chemistry
  • General Mathematics
  • General Physics
  • General Physics Laboratory
  • Introduction to Genetics
  • General Biology
  • General Biology Practical
  • General Chemistry
  • Basic Practical Chemistry
  • Introduction to Computer Science
  • General Mathematics
  • General Physics
  • Basic Physics Laboratory
  • Introduction to Medical Psychology
  • to Anatomy, Gross Anatomy of Upper & Lower Limbs
  • Histology of Basic Tissues
  • General Embryology
  • Introduction to Medical Biochemistry
  • General Biochemistry Practical
  • Introductory Physiology and Haematology
  • Cardiovascular Physiology
  • Introduction to Medical Statistics
  • Computer Application
  • Gross Anatomy of Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis & Perineum
  • Systemic Histology
  • Systemic Embryology
  • Neuroanatomy
  • Metabolism of Biological Molecules & Bioenergetics
  • Nutrition and Nutritional Biochemistry
  • Renal Physiology, body fluids & Temperature Regulation
  • Neurophysiology
  • Respiratory Physiology
  • Gross Anatomy of Head and Neck
  • Systemic Histology
  • Neuroanatomy
  • Chemistry and Metabolism of Proteins & Nucleic Acids
  • Special Topics in Medical Biochemistry
  • Gastrointestinal Physiology
  • Endocrinology and Reproduction
  • Neurophysiology I
  • Human ecology and Medical Sociology
  • Health statistics and demography
  • Research methods in public health
  • Introduction to Clinical Medicine
  • Cardiology
  • Neurology
  • Respiratory Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Human ecology I / Medical Sociology
  • Health Statistics and Demography
  • Research methods in Public Health field
  • Bacteriology
  • Virology
  • Mycology
  • Basic Immunology
  • General Pathology
  • General Pharmacology
  • Systemic Pharmacology
  • Nutrition
  • Reproductive/Family Health
  • Public Health Nutrition
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Cardiology
  • Neurology / Respiratory Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Tropical Medicine
  • Principles of Surgery
  • Junior Surgery Posting
  • Anti-Microbial, Antifungal, Antiprotozoal Agents
  • Anti-Neoplastic Agents
  • Drugs Acting in CNS & Antipsychotic Drugs
  • Human Nutrition
  • Chemical Pathology Practical & Lab. Analysis
  • Medical Protozoology
  • Practical Protozoology
  • Practical Medical Microbiology
  • Clinical Chemistry
  • General Haematology & Blood Transfusion
  • Practical Haematology
  • Systemic Pathology
  • Histopathology
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Medical Helminthology
  • Applied Medical Microbiology
  • Medical Entomology
  • Gastroenterology & Endocrinology
  • Basic Surgical Skills
  • Epidemiology/Principles and methods
  • Anatomy and Physiology of female reproductive system
  • Occupational Health
  • Obstetrics clinics
  • Pregnancy, labour and puerperium
  • Health service, Management & Administration
  • Introduction to Medical statistics
  • Internal Health
  • Human Ecology/Medical sociology
  • Health Statistic and Demography
  • Special Gynecology & Obstetrics clinics
  • Nutrition, Growth and Development
  • Child Health and Primary care
  • Prenatalogy, Neonatology and Genetics
  • Special Topics in Obstetric and Gyneacology
  • Urological Surgery
  • Further Surgical Skills
  • Research Methods in Public Health
  • Epidemiology of Communicable & Non-Communicable Diseases
  • Traumatology
  • Intermediate Surgery
  • Nephrology/Paediatric Gastroenterology
  • Endocrine and Metabolic Disease of Children
  • Neurology/Disease of Muscles and Bone
  • Paediatric Haematology/Oncology
  • A Paediatric Respiratory Medicine/Paediatric Cardiology
  • Disease of the Blood
  • Diseases of the Digestive & Genitor Urinary Systems
  • Cardiovascular Respiratory
  • Paediatric Infections, Diseases and Genetics
  • Computer in Medicine
  • Primary Health Care
  • Tropical Medicine
  • Gastroenterology
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology
  • Radiology
  • Clinical Anaesthesiology
  • Otorhinolaryngology (ENT)
  • Ophthalmology
  • Minor Surgical Specialties (Senior Surgery (S3)
  • Community Health and Primary Healthcare
  • General Medical Practice
  • Environmental Sanitation and Locally Endemic Diseases
  • Gastroenterology
  • Endocrinology
  • Dermatology
  • Tropical Medicine
  • Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Thoracic Surgery/Vascular Surgery
  • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
  • Neurosurgery


Where can I work with a Degree in Medicine and Surgery? 
I believe you now know the subjects required to study Medicine and Surgery. I urge you to also find out where you can work with the degree. Please take your time to read The Act of Getting a Job – so you would know what you’re up against after graduating. Successful graduates of Medicine and Surgery degree programme are well equipped (after houseman- ship) for careers in hospitals, private practice, teaching, research activities in Universities or research institutions and even in administrations, Graduates of the Medicine and Surgery degree programme are also equipped for post graduate training anywhere in the world.


The SSCE O level and A-level subject needed to study Medicine and Surgery have been listed above but, some Universities may accept D7 or E8 in some a compulsory subject instead of Credit. And some may accept or reject two sittings. That is combinations of WAEC, NECO, or GCE results. You will know more when you take a look at the special consideration (waiver) for this course if available. Please take note that when you see Check, it simply means the special consideration for this course had been merge with a related course to save space. So it is advisable to click the link or search with the search bar.

Special Consideration

What is Direct Entry Special Consideration (waiver) to study Medicine and Surgery?
(i) Usumanu Danfodiyo University (UDUSOK), University of Maiduguri (UNIMAID) and Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki accept ‘A’ level pass in Mathematics in lieu of Physics.

(ii) University of Lagos (UNILAG) accepts: (a) Very good passes in three JUPEB/A’ Level subjects: Physics, Chemistry and Biology. (b) B.Sc. Degree First Class/Second Class Upper in medically related Fields.

(iii) ECWA Bingham University, New Karu and University of Port-Harcourt (UNIPORT) – No Direct Entry

(iv) Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye and University of Calabar (UNICAL) accept Degree in Science not below Second Class Lower Division.

(v) University of Calabar (UNICAL) accepts Degree (not below a good second class lower Division) in Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Nursing Science, Medical Laboratory, Biology, Zoology or Chemistry. Does not accept IJMB for Direct Entry.

(vi) Abia State University, Uturu, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma and Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye accept Degree in related fields.

(vii) Benue State University, Makurdi, Imo State University, Owerri (IMSU) and Lagos State University, Ojo (LASU) accept a good Honours degree (minimum of second class upper) in relevant discipline.

(viii) University of Jos (UNIJOS) requires D/E candidates to fulfil UTME Entry requirements.

(ix) University of Benin (UNIBEN) accepts: (a) At least three “A” LEVEL PASSES (Not more than one C Grade or minimum of 12points) in Biology or Zoology, Physics and Chemistry at NOT MORE THAN ONE SITTING. (b) At least a second class upper division from a recognised University in either B.Sc Biological Sciences or B.Sc. Medical Sciences.

(x) Abia State University, Uturu – all candidates no matter their mode of admission are required to have GCE ‘O’ level or equivalent with credit passes in English Language, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology at one sittings and same sittings.

(xi) University of Ilorin (UNILORIN) accepts B.Sc (Second Class Honours) in Anatomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Physiology, Zoology and other Basic Sciences fields. Also accept a minimum aggregate of 13 points.

(xii) Lagos State University, Ojo (LASU) requires a minimum of ‘C’ in each of the subjects and will consider a Bachelor of Science with a minimum of Second Upper Division for admission.

(xiii) Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso (LAUTECH) accepts ‘A’ Level passes in Physics, Chemistry and Biology or Zoology (plus UTME requirements) may be considered for admission into 200 level.

(xv) Obafemi Awolowo University,Ile-Ife (OAU) accepts B.Sc. with a minimum of 2nd Class Honours in relevant discipline (Sciences).

(xvi) Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki accepts B.Sc 2nd Class Upper Division in any biological science course Plus at least credit pass in English, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry and Physics in one sittings.

(xvii) Osun State University Osogbo (UNIOSUN) accepts a) Acceptable passes (good grade – total points of 10) in Physics, Chemistry and Biology or Zoology at the Higher School Certificate or Advanced Level of General certificate Examination or its equivalent. b) First Degree in relevant Biomedical sciences (Medical, paramedical, biological, chemical or physical Sciences) not less than Second Class Upper Division level.

(xviii) Niger Delta University Yenagoa (NDU) accepts: (a) HSC/GCE ‘A’ Level passes in Chemistry, Biology and Physics with a minimum of 10 points in not more than two sittings. (b) A B.Sc. degree holder with a minimum of second class upper division in the areas of Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Zoology, Chemistry, Physics and Botany.

(xix) University of Lagos (UNILAG) accepts; (a) Very good passes in the following JUPEB/A-LEVEL subjects: Physics Chemistry and Biology. (b) B.Sc. Degree First Class/Second Class Upper in fields such as Physiology, Biochemistry, Physiotherapy, Ophthalmology, Pharmacology and Zoology.

(xx) University of Abuja, Gwagwalada requires D/E candidates to fulfil UTME Entry requirements.

(xxi) University of Ilorin (UNILORIN) accepts minimum aggregate of 13 Points. Accepts B.Sc. (Second Class Honours, Upper Division) in Anatomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Physiology, Zoology.

What is WAEC, NECO, GCE, Special Consideration (waiver) to study Medicine and Surgery?
(i) University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN) accepts Physics with Chemistry (as a single subject) for Physics and Chemistry. University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN) requirements should be at one sittings.

(ii) University of Ilorin (UNILORIN) requires five O’ Level credit passes at only one sittings and minimum score as determined by the University Senate in JAMB examination.

(iii) University of Benin (UNIBEN), University of Ibadan (UI), Imo State University, Owerri (IMSU), Abia State University, Uturu, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Osun State University Osogbo (UNIOSUN), Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli, Delta State University, Abraka (DELSU) and Bowen University, Iwo require the O level Credit passes at one sittings.

What is Jamb UTME Special Consideration (waiver) to study Medicine and Surgery?
(i) Usumanu Danfodiyo University (UDUSOK) and University of Maiduguri (UNIMAID) accept Mathematics in lieu of Physics.

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